Eczema, which occurs due to many causes, can dry the skin, leading to itching and blisters. 8 measures to prevent it; what are the symptoms?
In order to treat eczema, it is important to determine the source of the problem; some practical measures must also be taken to prevent it from occurring. Dermatologists gave information about the symptoms of it and methods of prevention.
Improper soaps may cause it!
Eczema, whose medical name is “dermatitis”, is a skin disease that dries the skin and is manifested by itching and blisters. It is very common in society and has different types, can be seen due to multiple reasons. The most important causes of eczema are allergic reaction, dryness and stress on the skin.
In addition, the use of inappropriate soaps, dust in the environment and contact with the skin of certain chemicals can cause eczema. However, the exact cause of it is not known, and it is thought that physical conformity also has an effect. It is more common in housewives, hairdressers, cleaning workers and people whose skin is exposed to chemicals due to their profession.
5 important symptoms of eczema:
- Moderate redness in various parts of the body.
- Itching, which is pronounced due to drying of the skin.
- The skin tightens and cracks as a result of itching of the area, especially at night.
- Small, fluid-filled bubbles that appear over time.
- Rashes and crusts that begin on the skin.
Eczema on the hands, feet, legs and bottoms of the hair; it occurs with symptoms such as redness, itching, flaking, burning sensation. Dryness in the skin is one of the first symptoms. The more eczema the itches, the heavier the picture. The symptoms continue to follow each other depending on the scratching, and complaints are renewed due to infertile return.
Patch testing should be performed to diagnose eczema
Eczema can be diagnosed by physical examination of dermatologists. Patch testing is performed to clarify the diagnosis. Low concentrations of allergens are glued to the backs of suspected patients. The skin’s response to allergens that come into contact with the skin between 48 and 72 hours is measured. During the test, the person should not shower and do activities that may cause sweating. The allergy drug is not used during this period or the test will be negative. At the end of this period, if there is redness, blistering and watering in the area where the test is carried out, it will be revealed that the substance being driven has an allergic effect.
It is important to avoid risk factors
There is no definitive treatment for eczema. In the treatment of eczema, it is very important to avoid the factors that cause this problem. It should be determined which substance the skin develops a reaction to, and the first step of treatment for the source should be taken. Non-cortisone immune system suppressing drugs, skin-relaxing dressings and pomads with local corticosteroids are used in the treatment. Neutral soaps, barrier creams, moisturizers and eczema shampoos will provide relief.
Measures to protect against eczema:
- The environment of the people who are candidates for eczema should have sufficient humidity and heat content.
- The environments should be ventilated frequently.
- The frequency of showering should be adjusted according to the season, no daily baths should be taken. Pouches and fibers that will irritate the skin should not be used in the bathroom, the water should not be too hot. After bathing, the whole body should be moistened with appropriate moisturizing products.
- Neutral soaps should be used in shower and daily hand-face washing.
- Foods that support the immune system should be consumed and regular sports should be carried out.
- If allergen that causes eczema must be used, gloves that prevent contact should be used.
- Items such as carpets and blankets containing dust should not be kept in the bedroom during bedtime.
- A sufficient amount of water should be drunk daily.