Unfortunately, cardiovascular diseases continue to rank high among the causes of death in the world. Care about these symptoms for your cardiovascular health!
Cardiovascular diseases, which pose a serious threat to human health, can be prevented by making simple changes in lifestyle, the experts said, listing the symptoms that should be taken into consideration for the health of the heart.
Here is the list of symptoms in cardiovascular diseases:
Chest pain, which is one of the most important symptoms of heart disease; it can be for a wide range of reasons, from a simple muscle pain or a rupture of the aortic vein that carries blood to the whole body coming out of the heart.
However, this pain is formed by exertion, it is felt in the form of pressure in the middle of the chest, it takes more than 2 minutes and it is necessary to consult a physician if it passes in 5-10 minutes with rest.
This kind of pain; It tends to spread to the arms, neck and chin, mostly the left side, with two sides on the chest wall. Less often it can spread to the left scapula and shoulder area. Sometimes it starts in the left arm and spreads to the chest, or it can only be felt in the left arm.
In a heart attack, it usually occurs in the form of pain, compression, burning or pressure in the chest while resting. The pain is usually alarmingly severe and lasts longer than 20 minutes. It can also cause nausea, vomiting, cold sweating, dizziness, blackness and shortness of breath.
Shortness of breath can be experienced with low fitness, sedentary lifestyle or mild exertion in overweight people, as well as in patients with a wide range of respiratory diseases and anemia.
Shortness of breath in heart diseases usually occurs with exertion, passes with rest, and the patient can localize shortness of breath by putting his hand on his chest. In addition, heart failures may be shortness of breath that comes at night and wakes them from sleep.
Usually the patient begins 2-4 hours after falling asleep, and the patient opens the windows with air hunger. Coughing can also be seen with shortness of breath. When the patient sits down or stands up, shortness of breath decreases over time within 15-30 minutes.
Palpitations; it is the feeling of the heart’s beats in a way that causes rapid or strong discomfort. Normally, the number of pulses is 60-100 per minute in an adult person.
Palpitations in which the speed of the heart is more than 150 beats/min and with complaints of dizziness, blackouts or fainting are palpitations that must be treated.
In the person who feels palpitations, he or a relative can check the pulse at that time to determine the heart rate and heart rate per minute and thus help the physician and treatment. The pulse is easily located at the thumb level of the wrist.
Fainting and Weakness
Don’t faint; often due to the decrease in blood flow of the brain, it is a sudden loss of consciousness, collapse to the ground and regain consciousness after a short time. It can be a symptom of an extremely serious heart disease or it can be caused by many other less serious causes.
Fainting due to heart disease usually develops suddenly, within 1-2 seconds and is short-lived. There may be fainting in heart valve diseases (e.g. exertion-related fainting in aortic stenosis), heart muscle diseases (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy), rhythm disorders that last very quickly and prolonged, sudden slowing of the heart rate, congenital heart disease.
One of the most common complaints in cardiovascular diseases is weakness and rapid fatigue. This may be due to muscle weakness as a result of systemic circulatory disorder, as well as drugs used to treat heart disease (beta blockers, diuretics).
Coughing in heart diseases is usually linked to heart failure and/or heart valve diseases. Wheezing, palpitations and shortness of breath are also usually together. Coughing usually tends to be dry and irritating at night. With coughing, it can be phlegm in the form of foam and containing fresh blood. Again, coughing, which wakes you up at night and passes by getting up and sitting, is a sign of insufficiency.
Lower extremity edema due to heart disease is symmetrical and double-sided. When patients quickly take 3-5 kg, edema is pronounced. When the payment is fingered, it appears that it has collapsed in for a while. As the failure of the heart progresses, edema can occur in the upper part of the legs, genital organs and abdomen.
Frequent urination at night (Nocturi) is one of the common symptoms of congestive heart failure. Anorexia, abdominal swelling, upper right quadrant pain in the west, weight loss and scarf are complaints that can be seen in the later stages of heart failure. Nausea vomiting is common in acute heart attack.