Women’s nightmare, varicose (heir) occurs with symptoms such as pain and swelling. Experts warn: This is not only a problem in terms of appearance, it is progressive vein disease. If left untreated, it can cause clotting in the veins, discoloration of the leg, wounds and throw clots into the lungs!
Genetic factors, multiple births, hormones, some occupations that require long-term standing, past vascular clotting can lead to varicose vein formation. Genetic predisposition, in particular, plays an important role in the disease. A person who is an heir in his family, if he has not taken precautions, is very likely to have varicose vein problems later in life. Experts have warned that the varicose should be taken seriously.
It gives a feeling of restlessness in the legs
Varicose vein disease. Veins are the veins that carry dirty blood to the heart. The difference between veins and arteries is that they have a valve system in themselves. These valves allow blood to go to the heart, while preventing the blood from escaping back. In the disease we call varicose veins, blood escapes back to the feet as a result of deterioration of these valves due to various causes. The blood that escapes back begins to expand the capillaries under the skin. That’s what we call the veins that have expanded.
For young women, the biggest complaint created by the heir is the poor appearance of the veins that have become more pronounced in the legs. Apart from these complaints, which can be characterized as a cosmetic complaint, varicose veins; convulsions, pain, fullness, cramps and restlessness in the legs lead to swelling, discoloration and wounds that do not heal. The typical feature of variste leg pain is that it increases gradually at the end of the day, and decreases when feet are raised and rested.
Varicose can even cause wounds on the skin
Varicose veins are a progressive disease. If left untreated, it increasingly affects foot nutrition, leads to color changes, causes ulcers and wounds that do not heal. It can even go all the way to gangrene. After a while, clots may form within the varicose veins, which can also lead to vascular obstructions and throw clots into the lungs. There is scientific evidence that hormonal structure in women accelerates the development of varicose veins.
Promising results in non-surgical treatment
Although varicose veins are diagnosed with the naked eye, for the treatment plan, the legs should be evaluated by the radiologist with ‘Doppler ultrasonography’, veins should be mapped, veins with valve failure leading to varicose veins should be diagnosed.
Endovenous techniques are non-surgical techniques and allow treatment by entering the vein. Endovenous techniques are divided into thermal and non-thermal. Radiofrequency and laser ablation techniques are thermal techniques and provide high heat to the superficial balls that are insufficiency for treatment purposes, allowing them to close by developing damage to the vein.
Non-thermal ablation treatments are ‘mekonochemical enodovenous ablation’ (MOCA) and ‘cyanoacrylatal vein ablation’ (CAVA) techniques. The CAVA technique simply involves gluing the vein with a glue. The MOCA technique is to damage the veins using rotating wire and then close the vessel by injecting liquid sclerosing drugs.
The superficial vein that causes varicose veins in endovenous techniques is treated with a similar method to the ‘angiography’ technique used in interventional radiology. Endovenous treatments are performed with doppler ultrasonography device used in radiology.
By doppler ultrasonography, the vein is seen, laser or radiofrequency fiber is inserted into the vessel by interventional radiology method, fiber is pulled slowly when heating, the vessel is closed by damage to the vascular wall. The closed vessel disappears in the body for time.
The long-term success rate in thermal treatments is around 95 percent. Side effects are rare and range from 4-8 percent. The most common side effect paresthesia (numbness) is mostly in the first year.
Although the long-term results of non-thermal techniques are not yet known, the success rates in the first year range from 89-94 percent. The advantage is that no tantraous anesthesia is used in non-thermal treatments.
Advantages of endovenous therapies over surgical method; no surgical scars, no labor loss, general anesthesia and hospitalization. In thermal methods, the main cause that leads to varicose veins is treated with laser or radiofrequency, then foam treatment is applied to the remaining varicose veins. In this treatment, drugs are given to the varicose veins and they are closed.
Don’t dress tight, don’t go to the bathhouse!
After the treatment of the variary is finished, the patient should be aware of the lifestyle and monitored at regular intervals. For this purpose, regular exercise programs are given to strengthen the leg muscles and it is recommended that the patient does not gain weight.
What to do after varicose vein protection or varicose vein treatment;
- Avoiding saunas, hammams, hot springs,
- Exercising regularly,
- To avoid sun protection or tanning during lunchtime,
- Not to throw on your feet or fold your knees and not sit down,
- Washing the feet with cold water at the end of the shower every day,
- Not standing still for a long time. If you have to wait, take steps all the time,
- It’s about avoiding tight clothes and high heels.
- People who are treated with varicose veins should use varicose veins for long-term travel.
10 critical rules for the heir: Watch out for those who sit down!
The heir, which is seen in more and more people today, especially threatens those who stand for a long time or those who sit for a long time.
Weight gain and sedentary lifestyle also play an important role in the formation of varicose veins. The varicose vein, which is accompanied by pain, fatigue and bloating in the legs, also bothers women cosmetically. Cardiovascular Surgery Specialists shared the following information:
“In addition to increasing complaints when some rules are not observed, new varicose veins may form in the normal veins and capillary images may increase. However, it is possible to protect the varied by simple measures and to eliminate complaints.” Experts explained 10 critical rules to the varicose, giving important warnings and recommendations.
Do not opt for high heels
The leg muscles collect, and since they act as pumps for the veins, avoid wearing shoes that work these muscles poorly. Shoes with a heel height of more than 5 cm restrict the work of calf muscles. Avoid these movements as movements such as cross-legged, bonding or crouching also prevent blood from returning to the heart in the veins.
Opt for loose clothes
Avoid tight clothing that squeezes your body, especially putting pressure on your stomach. Do not tighten the waist of trousers and skirts too much, do not use very narrow belts. Tights, tight underwear and similar clothes also negatively affect blood circulation. Tight clothing prevents circulation from the legs to the heart, causing more blood to be pooled in the leg-collecting veins.
Give your legs a cold shower
Applying cold water to the legs allows the enlarged veins to narrow due to the heat, reducing and passing complaints. Especially after a busy and long day, applying cold water to the legs provides significant relief to the legs. Choose to take your bath with warm or cold water, which is not as hot as possible.
Inactivity is one of the most important reasons for the varicose. Do not remain immobile in the same position for a long time. If you need to work standing or sitting for a long time, move your legs and feet at frequent intervals to help return the blood from the legs to the heart. Make an effort to move around your workplace or home, take short walks, climb stairs.
Don’t stay in hot environments for long
“Stay as far away from these environments as it will increase your varicose vein complaints by being in hot environments such as saunas, hammams and hot springs. In fact, don’t stay in the sun for long. And avoid burying your legs in the sand.”
Exercise and exercise regularly
Sports such as brisk walking, swimming and cycling, which work especially leg muscles, accelerate the movement of blood in the leg balls veins towards the heart. Choose as active a life as possible. Make an effort to do the activities regularly. Do not neglect regular exercise and sports, since physical activity accelerates blood circulation.
Keep your legs high
Keeping the legs a few inches above heart level speeds up blood circulation, allowing the laked blood in the leg veins to drain. When you sleep or rest during the day whenever you can, keeping them high by placing 2-3 pillows under your legs improves varicose vein complaints and prevents varicose veins from progressing.
Avoid gaining weight, eat healthily
If you’re overweight, try to lose weight. Take care of your diet and feed in small quantities at frequent intervals. Include vegetable-heavy and abundant fibrous foods in your meals. Try not to be constipated. Drink plenty of fluids. Consuming plenty of fluids facilitates the flow of blood and the excretion of waste accumulated in the body. It is also very important to avoid alcohol and cigarettes, which are important causes of vascular diseases.
Wear heir socks
Wearing heir socks has a very important place in the treatment of varicose veins. Do not forget to wear varicose vein socks of the appropriate pressure that your doctor will recommend.
Contact a physician if necessary
If varicose vein complaints do not pass despite the precautions taken and disrupt your quality of life, be sure to contact the physician as soon as possible.