Few decide, most of them hurt! Don’t miss your health just because the food will taste good! See what diseases excessive salt consumption causes.
Today, it is increasingly common and increasing incidence at a young age from cardiovascular diseases to stroke, kidney failure to obesity… Despite all the warnings of the experts, excessive salt consumption, which cannot be prevented, seriously threatens health!
What should be the daily salt consumption?
While the World Health Organization says daily salt consumption should remain 5 grams (one teaspoon), salt consumption in our country can increase several times! Moreover, while many people do not hesitate to add it to the plate to increase the flavor of the dish; The consumption of foods containing high salts, from processed foods to snacks, also increases the risk.
What diseases does excessive salt use cause?
Nephrologists emphasize that salt, which has significant benefits when consumed on average 5 grams per day with the minerals it contains, can lead to life-threatening hazards when consumed excessively.
Hypertension (high blood pressure), which is increasingly common today, is a dangerous disease that is directly related to excessive salt consumption. Excessive salt consumption can increase blood pressure, causing heart failure, heart growth and heart attack. The recommended daily amount of salt to take is about 5 grams, which is about one teaspoon of salt. Regardless of origin and name (sea, rock, etc.), table salt is sodium chloride, and excess increases the risk of heart disease. Studies carried out; by reducing the salt taken by diet from 10 grams to 5 grams, the risk of cardiovascular diseases can be reduced by 17 percent.
Excessive salt use is one of the factors that cause damage to the kidneys. Salt intake leads to an increase in the excretion of calcium from the body through urine. When calcium is missing in the body, the absorption of calcium from the intestine increases. This paves the way for kidney stones. In addition, excessive salt consumption causes protein leakage, which is one of the most important symptoms of protein leakage kidney disease. When salt intake is high, the kidneys need to work harder to remove excess salt. This shortens the life of the kidney. For the treatment of kidney diseases, it is essential to reduce salt.
The higher the amount of sodium in 24-hour urine, the greater the risk of stroke. Scientific studies; it shows that reducing salt consumption reduces the risk of stroke, for example, by reducing 10 grams of salt taken with diet to 5 grams, reducing the risk of stroke by 23 percent.
Excess salt consumption is considered an indirect cause of obesity. In the studies carried out; the rate of increase in sales of salty foods and acidic and sugary beverages in grocery stores was found to be similar. Salt is the most important determinant of the consumption of acidic and sugary beverages. When daily salt intake decreases from 10 grams to 5 grams, there is a 350 ml reduction in daily fluid intake, which is usually in the form of soft drinks.
Excessive salt consumption leads to calcium escape from the bones, resulting in weakened bone structure, increased fragility and even simple falls resulting in fractures. One of the important rules to protect against osteoporosis, known as bone loss in society, which is increasingly common with the increase of fast food consumption with sedentary life and high salt content today, is to avoid excessive salt consumption.
When salt intake increases, pressure natriuresis occurs in the urine, which means that the kidneys excrete more salt. However, if excessive salt intake continues, salt accumulates in the body. Each salt molecule binds 4 molecules of water and causes problems such as heart failure, edema, lung edema. Edema can be caused by many medical problems, as well as inactivity, carbohydrate-heavy nutrition and excessive salt consumption. Restricting salt against payment, which means excess fluid accumulation in tissues, is also effective.